What Horizontal Vessels Are
Horizontal vessels are structures which contain and usually process fluids and span more in the horizontal direction. This class of vessels can be further characterized into two broad categories; horizontal vessels and heat exchangers. Heat exchangers are different from horizontal vessels in general by the dynamic manner with which they operate.
Uses of Horizontal Vessels
- Food and beverage industry
- Chemical industry
- Pharmaceutical industry
- Plastics industry
- Oil and fuel industry
- Heating and cooling systems
Design of Foundation for Horizontal Vessels
For a civil engineer, the properties of a horizontal vessel are needed in a bid to commence the design the foundation of the vessel. The actual design of the structure of a horizontal vessels is more related to mechanical engineering; however, the outcome of the data is used by structural engineers to carry out support design.
There are two methods for the design of foundation for horizontal vessels:
- Manual calculation approach
- Computer aided design approach
Onshore Structural Design – Step by Step Calculations provides details about how to design horizontal vessels through manual calculations. While computer aided design approach can be done with the use of STAAD Foundation.
Although STAAD Foundation is an easy to use application for horizontal vessel design; however, the actual values to be input can only be obtained from the preliminary steps of the manual calculation approach.
Below is the approach to design of Horizontal Vessels with the use of STAAD Foundation.